The applicant is a Moroccan national who was granted a Swedish residence permit. The Swedish Security Service applied to the Migration Agency for an order to expel him, saying that he was a national security threat. He applied for asylum and international protection during the Migration Agency’s examination of the case, arguing that as the Security Service had labelled him as a terrorist he would risk torture and at least 10 years’ prison if deported to Morocco. Although he had never been suspected of any crime in his native country, the Swedish authorities would inform their Moroccan counterparts of the reason for his arrest and expulsion, which could lead to him being ill-treated and held in arbitrary detention as a terrorism suspect. Relying on Article 3 (prohibition of torture and of inhuman or degrading treatment), the applicant complains that if Sweden deports him to Morocco he will be considered as a security threat and subjected to ill-treatment.
Citation: X v. Sweden (App no. 36417/16)